Short term effects of Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes also known non insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition that the body’s control of metabolic activity over its glucose intake. In such cases, our bodies either resist the effects of the hormone insulin, which regulates the movement of sugar into our cells or doesn’t produce enough insulin to maintain a normal glucose level.
It is often characterized by high levels of sugar build up in the bloodstream – a condition that may gradually happen over a long period of years. Owing to the slow progression of this condition, its effects are often ignored. If left untreated, type 2 diabetes can be life-threatening.
A condition most common in adults, type 2 diabetes increasingly affects growing children if a condition of obesity is seen with them at an early age. There is no known cure for type 2 diabetes, but one can control blood sugar levels throughout to live a happy and normal life.
Type 2 diabetes Causes
- Buildup of sugar or glucose in the bloodstream.
- Non secretion of insulin from the pancreas, if the level of sugar in the blood drops.
- Mostly, diabetes in general is a condition which is genetically transmitted. If one person in the family is diagnosed with the condition, it is highly probable that his/her children would beget the same condition.
Type 2 diabetes Short Term Effects:
The cases mentioned above lead to several complications and include several risk factors like- change in body weight, unequal fat distribution, disruption in the bodily fluid movement, etc.
Apart from these some of the short term effects, those patients of type 2 diabetes face are mentioned below. These effects must be checked:
Dehydration: Diabetic patients are usually thirstier if compared to the amount of water intake in non diabetic patients. This feeling of being dehydrated and thirsty abnormally is also because of the fatigue they face.
Frequent Urination and Hunger: Increase in the amount of water intake due to the constant dehydration, have made the patients urinate more often. Also, in most patients, there is a persistent feeling of hunger which is due to the prevention of sugar from reaching cells in the body. This causes loss of calories which may in turn lead to unexplained weight loss.
Fatigue –Inadequate insulin in the body becomes the primary reason for fatigue in diabetes patients. Dehydration and the inability of the body to function properly are among the other causes of tiredness and fatigue.
Blurred Vision – Patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes may have vision trouble as excessive blood sugar drains out fluid from eye tissues. If not treated on time, the impact of the high blood sugar may damage the retina to such an extent that it would eventually lead to the patient’s blindness.
Kidney damage – Our kidneys contain millions of tiny blood vessels that filter waste from your blood. Diabetes can damage this system of filtering and lead to the severe damage of our kidneys, which if not treated properly may lead to kidney failure.
Skin Problems– Type 2 Diabetes patients are more susceptible to skin problems than normal people. They may be susceptible to skin problems like bacterial or fungal infections which may in turn cause further damage in due course of time. Apart from these, gum or ear infections are also problems which may crop up.
Type 2 Diabetes infographic
Therefore, we see how it is important for patients of type 2 diabetes to be wary of these effects which may seem to be affecting them for a short span of time, but if regular checkups and blood tests are missed, these very minute effects may prove life threatening later on.