Why does blood pressure increase during exercise?
Blood pressure increases during physical activity because the blood vessels that return blood to the heart are smaller. This is referred to as cardiac output.
What types of activities increase blood pressure?
Table of Contents
Activities that require large amounts of force, like weight lifting or sprinting, tend to increase blood pressure more than slower activities like jogging. This is because the body must work harder against gravity to move an object; consequently, it must use more energy and exert itself more throughout the activity. Physical education classes tend to be high-intensity activities, while electives like golf typically involve low-intensity exercise.
How does this affect my health?
The diastolic (the bottom of your blood pressure reading) can drop significantly during high-intensity exercises like weightlifting or sprinting. Some people may pass out because there isn’t enough time for their heart to pump blood out of the large arteries.
Consequently, their body compensates by increasing diastolic pressure to return enough blood to the heart. This increase in diastolic pressure typically returns to normal after about a minute of rest, but it can be dangerous for individuals with hypertension (high blood pressure).
People who have high blood pressure should avoid these activities if possible until they check with their doctor. If they decide to participate, the bottom reading (diastolic) may stay elevated even after exercise; however, it should return to normal within 10-15 minutes. It is essential not to go overboard since high blood pressure increases your risk of stroke and other cardiovascular problems like coronary artery disease and atherosclerosis.
What should I do if my blood pressure does increase?
If you feel dizzy or experience chest discomfort, numbness or weakness in your legs, shortness of breath, or tightness in the chest while exercising, it is essential to stop immediately.
If this happens during physical education class, it is important not to lie on the floor where people may step over you and exercise around you because that increases your risk of secondary injury.
Instead, find a bench or chair nearby and rest until you feel well enough to stand up again. Continue only when the symptoms are gone.
What else affects blood pressure?
Blood pressure can be affected by factors other than exercise, including age, weight, stress levels, sleep quality, salt intake, and medications. In addition, high blood pressure can damage the heart or brain if it is not treated correctly.
If you have questions about your blood pressure, please ask your doctor for a complete physical examination, including checking their blood pressure.
In conclusion, exercising increases blood pressure because of higher heart rates and cardiac output. High-intensity activities may be dangerous for individuals with hypertension. It is essential to check with a doctor before starting a new exercise regimen and monitor your blood pressure throughout the physical activity to ensure it stays within a safe range.
Many people use a device to measure their pulse as exercise can raise the rate by 10-30 beats per minute (bpm). Since that can be dangerous for heart problems, this device provides a more accurate way to monitor the pulse rate throughout physical activity.
In addition to monitoring your pulse, it is essential to maintain a healthy diet and lifestyle and periodically check blood pressure levels. This will help prevent secondary health problems from high blood pressure.
Doctors generally refer to three blood pressure ranges based on where the systolic number falls about your diastolic number.
If this difference is less than or equal to 10, you have normal blood pressure for someone your age and gender. The top number should be no higher than 140-90mmHg, which can increase depending on what type of physical activity you are participating in.
If it is between 11-20, the person has prehypertension, a condition that needs treatment but is not yet at high-risk levels typically associated with hypertension (high blood pressure). If either one exceeds this range, it requires immediate medical attention as hypertension increases the risk of heart attack and stroke.
It is important to remember that if you experience symptoms like dizziness, chest pain or tightness, numbness in your legs, shortness of breath, or fatigue while exercising, it may be signs of high blood pressure and requires immediate medical attention.
If you feel dizzy or shaky after exercise, it may be because you did too much too quickly; make sure next time you adjust the intensity level accordingly (lower). In addition, bring a water bottle with you during your workout and drink plenty of fluids before, during, and after physical activity to stay hydrated.
If you’re interested in learning more about your blood pressure, please ask your doctor for a complete physical examination with taking readings. Keep in mind that you are active is only 10% of the day when exercising, so it’s crucial to have a healthy lifestyle outside of working out.
How can I check my pulse?
There are devices available on the market that easily check your pulse quickly and accurately. This device contains fiber-optic sensors that reflect light pulses through the fingertip. The light bounces back, allowing an accurate heart rate reading in real-time. This information enables people with hypertension to adjust their workout intensity level accordingly (lower) to prevent further secondary health problems from developing.