Hyperpigmentation for Face Treatment
Overexposure of Sun’s radiations lead to appearance of dark spots and blemishes on the face. This appearance of blemishes, freckles on the face is called hyperpigmentation.
Types of hyperpigmentation:
There are different types of hyperpigmentation which effects the differently.
Melisma: This is a type of pigmentation in which dark spots occupy nose, cheeks and upper lip. Melisma occurs due to an imbalance in the secretion of hormones.
Lento or Lent genes: The spots on the skin having large amount of melanocytes are called lent genes. They are flat or oval spots mostly brown in color. They are also called liver spots. They commonly occur due to chronic sun exposure. Lent genes can be treated with laser or cry therapy. Hydroquinone is not effective on liver spots.
Solar lent genes: They are also called sun spots or age spots. Solar lent genes are freckles which occur due to sun exposure.
Causes of Hyperpigmentation: There are many causes of hyperpigmentation. Some of them are given below:
- Heat: Heat or excess of sun exposure is the main environmental reason of appearance of blemishes, dark spots, freckles and scars on the face. Due to over exposure of sun, Ultraviolet rays of sun leave harsh effects on the face and other sun exposed areas like legs, neck and hands.
- Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation: Sometimes any injury, pimple, cut or abrasion leave marks on the body. These marks become prominent and permanent with time resulting in hyperpigmentation.
- Side effects of medicines: Sometimes the side effects of certain drugs and medicines result in the appearance of dark spots and blemishes on face.
There are many treatments available for reducing and removing dark spots and blemishes from the face. The most effective and necessary to be followed are given below:
Sunscreen: Sun rays are the main reason of the appearance of dark spots on face. Most of the spots occur due to UV rays of sun. To save oneself from over heat of sun, it is necessary to use sunscreen having subsequent amounts of SPF (Sun Protection Factor). One must apply sunscreen lotion on face and other sun exposed areas about half an hour prior leaving home so that it can be fully absorbed in the skin before exposure.
Laser treatments: Laser treatments can be effective and bring immediate results but they are very expensive. They can be risky and do not suit every skin. One such therapy is IPL (Intense Pulsed Light) therapy. This therapy targets selective dark spots only.
Acid peel: There are many home acid peels which are not harmful and how good results. Glycolic acid is the most popular acid peel. This can be extracted from sugarcane. Salicylic acid is also useful and famous acid peel extracted from willow tree bark. They are effective in controlling hyperpigmentation.
Topical applications: Topical applications are helpful in treating hyperpigmentation of all types. They are the bleaching creams or skin lightening creams containing alpha hydroxyl acids and retinol exfoliate and rejuvenate the skin. The main chemicals present in bleaching creams are hydroquinone, colic acid, azelaic acid and mandelic acid. Natural sources of hydroquinone are bearberry, mulberry. These extracts can be made at home. Hydroquinone is the only skin-lightening treatment approved by FDA.
But hydroquinone does not suit every skin type so a good dermatologist should be consulted before using this treatment. Koljic acid is derived from fungus. It helps in curing hyperpigmentation. Azelaic acid has been developed to treat acne but this also cures hyperpigmentation. Mandelic acid is derived from almonds. This also checks pigmentation. The bleaching creams containing above ingredients are effective but take a lot of time to fade away dark spots and freckles.
Homemade remedies: There are many home remedies which are good in curing hyperpigmentation. They do not cause any side effects and are easily available in the kitchen or grocery shop. They are also very cheap.
Avocado: Take an avocado fruit. Mash it to make a paste. Apply it on the face. Allow it to dry. Rinse it off with cold water. Avocado is rich source of Vitamin C and oleic acid. Both the ingredients are good for skin.
Vitamin E: Vitamin E is an antioxidant which can’t be synthesized in the body. It is essential for maintaining skin health. Vitamin E capsule should be consumed and applied on the face. A good tip is to snip the end of the vitamin E capsule and apply the oil directly on the skin. Vitamin E is also found in almonds, sunflower seeds, fish, squash and pumpkins.