Hyperpigmentation on Back Treatment
In plants, chlorophyll is responsible for providing green color to the leaves. In human beings, melanin is responsible for providing color to the skin. Melanin is a brown colored pigment. The people who have whitish or fair complexion are said to produce lesser melanin. People having dark skin possess large amount of melanin in their body. Possessing any type of complexion is not harmful. But appearance of dark colored spots or patches on the body are harmful. This condition of formation of dark patches on face or back is called hyperpigmentation.
Causes of Hyperpigmentation on Back
The main cause of Hyperpigmentation on back is overexposure of sun. The American Osteopathic College of Dermatology says that in most of the cases of dark pigmentation on back are not a health concern. But a person should consult a dermatologist because sometimes dark spots can result in skin cancer.
Types of Hyperpigmentation
- Solar Lenities: The dark spots on the back occur due to over exposure of the body in harsh sun. The harmful Ultra Violet rays attack the skin causing dark spots, rashes, sunburn and marks on the back. When these areas of dark pigmentation appear round or flat, they are called solar lenities or liver spots. These can be brown, black or grey.
- Post Inflammatory Pigmentation: This type of pigmentation on the back occurs due to inflammation of the skin or any injury or may be due to certain reaction. These marks may be redness, scabs etc.
- Addison’s disease: This disease also leads to appearance of dark spots on the back. This disease occurs due to underactive adrenal gland resulting in hormonal imbalance and appearance of dark spots. The symptoms of this disease may be muscle weakness, fatigue, low blood sugar, and headache and weight loss.
A person suffering from Addison’s disease can be treated by performing ACTH stimulation test. This test measures the level of hormones in the body and medicines are given which fades away marks and spots as the disease is cured.
A person suffering from hyperpigmentation of back should avoid direct exposure of their body to the sun. They should wear full sleeve clothes.
There are many skin lightening creams, bleaches and laser treatments available which can cure hyperpigmentation of back. There are also found recently discovered cry therapy, chemical peels and dermabrasions which can help to rid of hyperpigmentation. Hormonal replacement therapy has been the newly invented technique to treat Addison’s disease.
Medium depth chemical peels, fractional CO2 resurfacing skin care can cure back pigmentation. Chemical peels containing retinol, hydroquinone alpha and beta can be effective in curing hyperpigmentation of back.
Bleaching: Bleaching helps the skin to stop producing melanin. The most important ingredients used in making bleaching creams are Alcaic acid, koljic acid, hydroquinone, Vitamin C and E, licorice root, bearberry and mulberry. These ingredients are used either alone or in combination to stop over production of melanin pigment in the skin. Hydroquinone does not work well on all skin types. So before using bleaching creams on the dark spots or blemishes on skin, dermatologist must be considered. Bleaching creams are available in large number in cosmetic stores and shops.
Physical Exfoliation: The shedding of the top layers of the skin’s surface through physical exfoliation is called microdermabrasion. This treatment rids the skin of darkened and damaged cells revealing new unblemished skin beneath. The ingredients used in microdermabrasion are aluminum oxide crystals, crushed seeds and small beads. This treatment should be used by those who do not have any pimples or blemishes that are raised above the skin’s surface because there is risk of skin tearing. Alfa and beta hydroxyl acids can also be used as ingredients of microdermabrasion. These are present in milk, vegetables, sugarcane and some fruits. Lactic acid is also a good option for sensitive or dry skin. Salicylic acid is the only beta hydroxyl acid which is used for skin exfoliation. It can be extracted from black willow bark, cocoa, yarrow, cloves and birch bark. Salicylic acid can be used not only in the treatment of hyperpigmentation but acne also. It is an antiseptic and antibacterial agent.
For the best results, one should use a combination of lightening creams and exfoliating agents. The lightening creams will check the production of melanin in the dark spots while the exfoliating agents will increase the turnover of dead cells and remove discolored skin.
UVA or UVB sunscreens should be applied every day on the face and sun exposed areas to get the good results in treatment. Sunscreen containing SPF30 or SPF50 should be applied before going outside in sun otherwise there will be no use of treatment of hyperpigmentation and condition will further deteriorated. A good quality sunscreen should be applied 30 minutes before going in sun because it takes 30 minutes to penetrate into the skin.
Homemade remedies are considered as the best as they do not cause any side effect, easily accessible and very cheap. Most of the ingredients used are available in the kitchen. Some important remedies are given below:
- Gram floor and Turmeric: Take about 2-3 teaspoons of gram floor, one-fourth teaspoon of turmeric powder, half teaspoon of milk, one teaspoon of lemon juice, and half tea spoon of almond oil. Mix all the ingredients in a bowl. Make a smooth paste. Apply the mixture on the dark spots and let it remain for 15 minutes. Use warm water to rinse off. One can also take bath with warm water.
- Aloe Vera: Aloe Vera gel can be used to reduce the blemishes and dark spots on the back. Aloe Vera consists of mucilaginous polysaccharides, which lighten dark spots on face and back. Apply aloe Vera gel or juice on the affected areas. Leave it as such for 15 minutes. Wash it off with warm water .This treatment refreshes the skin as well as exfoliate it.
- Coconut oil: Take some coconut oil. Now powder the seeds of Baku chi (Psoralea coryifolia). Mix the two. Apply the pack on the affected areas of skin for 15 minutes. Then wash it off with cold water. Baku chi can be bought from market.
- Radish seeds: Mixed powdered white seeds of radish with two teaspoons of vinegar. Apply it on patches daily.
- Papaya: Peel a papaya. Cut into pieces. Take some pieces. Mash papaya pieces and apply on the affected areas. This remedy will smoothen the skin as well as fade off spots.
- Tomato juice: Make a pack of tomato juice, oatmeal and yogurt. Apply it on the patches and rinse off with water when it dries off. Do this remedy daily to get the positive results.
- Lemon: Applying lemon juice directly on the spots is also an effective remedy. For people having sensitive skin lemon causes a lot of irritation. They should mix lemon juice with water and milk to see the best results.
Conclusion: Treatment of hyperpigmentation of back is not easy. Laser treatments are expensive and can show negative results. These treatments does not suit every one so these should be avoided. Chemical and physical peels can be used. Bleaching creams take a lot of time in clearing the skin. Regular treatment of homemade remedies is effective in fading away dark spots and blemishes. Good sunscreen should not be forgotten to apply before going in sun.