Hyperpigmentation is the condition of the skin in which the dark color patches appear on the face or other areas of the body .This occurs due to the excess of production and deposition of melanin. The particular area of the skin becomes darker than the surroundings. Melanin is a pigment which provides natural color to the skin. Hyperpigmentation occurs due to overexposure of skin and even a reaction of perfumes can trigger it. The stubborn blemishes become dark with the passage of time.
There are different types of hyperpigmentation .The most common is Melasma. This is very common in women and only 10% of the men are affected by it. This pigmentation results in the appearance of butterfly like pattern on the nose, cheekbones , upper lips and forehead. The patches become more prominent on exposure to sunlight.
PIH(Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation ) is a type of pigmentation which occurs due to some type of injury or infection of the skin . Sometimes acne spots or over use of skin products results in PIH.
Photo pigmentation is also a type of hyperpigmentation which occurs due to over exposure of sun for prolong period. This is also called solar lentigines. This pigmentation effects cheeks, nose and back of hands.
Wide range of treatments are available which include bleaching creams, laser treatments. There are available also many home made remedies for treating pigmentation. Natural home made remedies are considered as better than bleaching creams and laser treatment as there is no side effect of the home made remedies. Herbal and organic products can also be bought from the market. Bleaching creams contain different kinds of harmful chemicals. These creams usually take six months to show the results .Laser treatments are costly and sometimes make the conditions worse. Home made remedies include herbs or products of daily use. They are not only easily assessed but also do not cost much. They include certain nuts, vegetables and fruits. But treatment of hyperpigmentation with aloe vera is considered as the best.
Treatment of Hyperpigmentation with Aloe vera :
Aloe vera is a very short stemmed or stemless succulent plant having height ranging from 24 to 39 inches .It belongs to lily family and is often referred to as a miracle plant. It is an easily available plant and can be grown at home also. It has been used not only for the treatment of Hyperpigmentation but has many other uses also. Aloe vera has been used as a product in cosmetics and medicines since long times. In North African countries like Egypt, it was used in medical treartment about 6000 years back. Now it has become a famous remedy and can often seen in house gardens, nurseries and shops selling useful plants.
The long, thick succulent leaves of Aloevera contain gel which consists of polysaccharides, lectins, water, minerals, vitamins and many active compounds. .It also contains salicyclic acid ,sterols and saponins. Aloevera is a magical plant which is used in numerous skin related cosmetics and herbal medicines. This is now a household name and is grown in all over the world. Aloe vera products are available in all the countries.
Extraction of Aloe vera at home :
Aloe vera consists of thick leaves. For extracting gel, each long leaf should be cut from the center. Inside leaf , is present the useful gel or juice. The gel should be poured from each leaf in the bottle. The natural product has so side effects and has no cost. Aloe vera products can be bought from the market also as these products are famous and are sold in large numbers.
Aloe vera masks and gels are very common. Aloe vera removes the dead skin and helps in regenerating new skin cells. Apply fresh aloe vera gel before sleeping at night and rinse it off in the morning. Use this remedy for few weeks . This treatment not only diminish dark patches but also makes the skin rejuvenated and fresh. One or two Vitamin E capsules like Evion can also be used along with aloe vera treatment to enhance its efficacy.
Another treatment of aloe vera is given below. Take some aloe vera gel ,add half teaspoon of honey to it. Mix the two properly. Now apply the mask on face. Leave the mask for twenty minutes. Then wash off with lukewarm water. All this will refresh the face in hot summer days.
Another treatment for curing hyperpigmentation is face pack of aloe vera and rose water. Take some aloe vera extract and rose water. Make paste by mixing both. Apply paste on the face for twenty minutes. Rinse it off with cold water. This face pack will treat age spots, pimple marks, pigmentation marks, burn or injury marks. This pack can also be used as fairness pack. This pack must be rubbed for 2-3 minutes to cleanse the pores before rinse it off.
Another remedy for curing blemishes is treatment with aloe vera and seaweed. Take some aloe vera gel, seaweed and a half teaspoon of honey. Mix the ingredients well. Keep the ingredients as such for about ten minutes. Now apply the mask on the face avoiding areas around the eyes. Keep the mask as such for twenty minutes. Rinse it off with lukewarm water. Results vary from person to person. Positive results can be seen within two to three weeks.
Aloe vera gel is considered a good remedy because it heals the sun burn on the skin. It encourages the skin to regenerate new cells when applied on dark spots, dark circles and scars. As new cells develop, the old cells are sloughed off fading the dark color of the pigmentation. Aloe vera also moisturizes and cleans the skin.
Pure Aloevera gel can also be applied on the face before sleeping at night. Rinse it off in the morning .A noticeable change can be seen within two or three weeks. Aloe vera gel or mask should be mixed with a good sunscreen to get the best results or sunscreen can be applied separately on daily basis. This must contain SPF 30 and PA+++ protection to reduce blemishes and hyperpigmentation.
For people having oily skin, sunscreen containing SPF 50 and Matte Gel PA+++ protection is required .If using gel based creams, then SPF30 can be used to get positive results. A person must take fruits and drink lots of water to keep hydrated.
Dirt is one of the cause of hyperpigmentation. Aloe vera is a good body cleanser hence getting rid of dirt as well as detoxifying the body greatly helps in the treatment of hyperpigmentation. Aloe vera also contains magnesium lactate, which is an itch inhibitor, makes aloe vera a good product in treating acne, rashes and sunburns.
Use of scrubs and masks helps in treatment of pigmentation but everything takes time so as the blemishes. The aloe vera gel or masks should be applied on regular basis to get positive results. This will take time but will be effective definitely.
If left untreated, these masks can lead to skin cancer so the skin marks are dangerous and these should be treated as early as possible.
Conclusion: Hyperpigmentation can be cured by natural products like aloe vera. But the remedies should be followed on everyday basis to get the full benefits. Hyperpigmentation should not be left untreated as this can lead to dreadful disease like cancer.
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